In the plains of the Serengeti in the Orriental Africa, 1,300,000 animals embark each year on the most epic migration of the earth. The largest mass movement of terrestrial mammals on the planet is chasing African storms in search of new pastures, starting a journey full of dangers. And there are more carnivorous animals hunting through these savannahs than anywhere else in the world. The arrival of the herds heralds an unparalleled food frenzy in the natural world. The migration of the wildebeest is without a doubt the greatest journey of nature.
As seasonal storms water the vast plains of the southern Serengeti, they bring to life the lush meadows that attract the largest concentration of herbivorous animals on the planet. Here the volcanic lands give rise to pastures rich in minerals and nutrients, necessary to feed the large herds that gather in gigantic groups of tens of thousands of individuals, seeking refuge for the group to face this great annual journey. The start of the great migration depends entirely on the rain seasons each year, so, although not exactly, they repeat a fairly predictable pattern annually. The map shows the migration movement month by month. The arrows represent the movement of the main herds.
The migration movement begins in the months of January to March. During the first two months of the year the herds concentrated south of Serengeti, in the vicinity of Lake Ndutu, in the Conservation Area of Ngorongoro.
A special moment arrives between the end of February and the beginning of March, in this time begins the births of the young, the explosion of life is indescribable. To attend this experience with a specialist guide, ensures an experience that goes beyond the usual parameters of tourism, a magical moment. During the month of March, the great rains begin as the herds prepare to depart.
The month of April is characterized by continuous rains, which causes the herds to begin migrating to the northwest of the park, crossing the Mbatageti and Grumeti rivers. These are the two most dangerous points, as the waters of these rivers are home to large crocodiles that take advantage of this migration. Once these rivers are crossed, the animals graze around them as they wait for the rains to pass.
The great migration continues in June, when the rains come to an end, that is when the herds continue their journey to the north, facing again the dangers of the Grumeti river and dominating the territories of the Ikorongo area.
What is the great migration?
One of the most spectacular events in the wild world. Approximately 750,000 zebras and 1 million wildebeest, as well as other ruminants, move in search of the fresh grass that leaves the passage of rains and behind them the large carnivores that follow that large walking pantry to feed.
Where does it have place?
The great migration is circular, the animals move clockwise from the Serengeti National Park in northern Tanzania to the Masai Mara reserve in southern Kenya, returning back to the Serengeti. The exact timing depends on the start of the rains.
What animals can we see?
In herds of herbivores are concentrated wildebeest, thompson gazelles, grant gazelles, eland, impalas and zebras. Large groups offer security, so you can see groups of thousands of animals. Other travel companions are predators, who although they are territorial and non-migratory move animated by food.