On the plains of the Serengeti in East Africa, 1,300,000 animals embark each year on the most epic migration of the land. The largest mass movement of land mammals on the planet is chasing African storms in search of new pastures, beginning a journey full of dangers. And there are more carnivorous animals hunting through these sheets than anywhere else in the world. The arrival of the herds announces an incomparable food frenzy in the natural world. Wildebeest migration is undoubtedly the greatest journey of nature.
As seasonal storms water the vast plains of the southern Serengeti, they give life to the lush meadows that attract the largest concentration of herbivorous animals on the planet. Here the volcanic lands give rise to pastures rich in minerals and nutrients, necessary to feed the large herds that gather in giant groups of tens of thousands of people, seeking refuge for the group to face this great annual trip. The beginning of the great migration depends entirely on the rainy seasons each year, so, although not exactly, repeat a fairly predictable pattern annually. The map shows the migration movement month by month. The arrows represent the movement of the main herds.
The migratory movement begins in the months of January to March . During the first two months of the year, the herds were concentrated south of Serengeti, near Lake Ndutu, in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.
A special moment arrives between the end of February and the beginning of March , at this moment the birth of young people begins , the explosion of life is indescribable. Attending this experience with a specialized guide ensures an experience that goes beyond the usual parameters of tourism, a magical moment. During the month of March , heavy rains begin when the herds prepare to leave .
The month of April is characterized by continuous rains, which makes the herds begin to migrate to the northwest of the park, crossing the Mbatageti and Grumeti rivers. These are the two most dangerous points, since the waters of these rivers are home to large crocodiles that take advantage of this migration. Once these rivers cross, the animals graze around them while they wait for the rain to pass.
The great migration continues in June , when the rains continue at its end, that is, when the herds continue their journey north, facing again the dangers of the Grumeti River and dominating the territories of the Ikorongo area.
Frequently asked questions
What is the great migration?
One of the most spectacular events in the wild world. Approximately 750,000 zebras and 1 million you, as well as other ruminants, move in search of the fresh grass that leaves the rains and behind them the great carnivores that follow that great despair to feed.
Where does it take place?
The great migration is circular, the animals move clockwise from the Serengeti National Park, in northern Tanzania, to the Masai Mara reserve, in southern Kenya, and return to the Serengeti. The exact moment depends on the onset of the rains.
What animals can we see?
Wildebeest, thompson gazelles, gazelles, eland, impalas and zebras are concentrated in herds of herbivores. Large groups offer security, so you can see groups of thousands of animals. Other travel companions are predators, which although they are territorial and non-migratory movements animated by food.